Mouse models

Exclusive dependence of IL-10Ralpha signalling on intestinal microbiota homeostasis and control of whipworm infection.

The whipworm Trichuris trichiura is a soil-transmitted helminth that dwells in the epithelium of the caecum and proximal colon of their hosts causing the human disease, trichuriasis. Trichuriasis is characterized by colitis attributed to the …

Distinct Roles for CD4(+) Foxp3(+) Regulatory T Cells and IL-10-Mediated Immunoregulatory Mechanisms during Experimental Visceral Leishmaniasis Caused by Leishmania donovani.

The outcome of intracellular parasitic infection can be determined by the immunoregulatory activities of natural regulatory CD4(+) Foxp3(+) T (Treg) cells and the anti-inflammatory cytokine IL-10. These mechanisms protect tissue but can also suppress …

Interleukin-1beta has atheroprotective effects in advanced atherosclerotic lesions of mice.

Despite decades of research, our understanding of the processes controlling late-stage atherosclerotic plaque stability remains poor. A prevailing hypothesis is that reducing inflammation may improve advanced plaque stability, as recently tested in …

P2X7 receptor-dependent tuning of gut epithelial responses to infection.

Infection and injury of the gut are associated with cell damage and release of molecules such as extracellular adenosine 5'-triphosphate (ATP), which is recognised by the purinergic P2X7 receptor (P2X7R). P2X7R is widely expressed in the gut by …

CD4(+) Th2 cells are directly regulated by IL-10 during allergic airway inflammation.

Interleukin-10 (IL-10) is an important regulatory cytokine required to control allergy and asthma. IL-10-mediated regulation of T cell-mediated responses was previously thought to occur indirectly via antigen- presenting cells. However, IL-10 can act …

Altered Interleukin-10 Signaling in Skeletal Muscle Regulates Obesity- Mediated Inflammation and Insulin Resistance.

Skeletal muscle insulin resistance is a major characteristic of obesity and type 2 diabetes. Although obesity-mediated inflammation is causally associated with insulin resistance, the underlying mechanism is unclear. Here, we examined the effects of …

Myeloid interferon-gamma receptor deficiency does not affect atherosclerosis in LDLR(-/-) mice.

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Atherosclerosis is a chronic lipid-driven inflammatory disease of the arterial wall. Interferon gamma (IFNgamma) is an important immunomodulatory cytokine and a known pro-atherosclerotic mediator. However, cell-specific targeting …

Genetic Cell Ablation Reveals Clusters of Local Self-Renewing Microglia in the Mammalian Central Nervous System.

During early embryogenesis, microglia arise from yolk sac progenitors that populate the developing central nervous system (CNS), but how the tissue-resident macrophages are maintained throughout the organism's lifespan still remains unclear. Here, we …

Glycoprotein 130 receptor signaling mediates alpha-cell dysfunction in a rodent model of type 2 diabetes.

Dysregulated glucagon secretion accompanies islet inflammation in type 2 diabetes. We recently discovered that interleukin (IL)-6 stimulates glucagon secretion from human and rodent islets. IL-6 family cytokines require the glycoprotein 130 (gp130) …

Innovations in phenotyping of mouse models in the German Mouse Clinic.

Under the label of the German Mouse Clinic (GMC), a concept has been developed and implemented that allows the better understanding of human diseases on the pathophysiological and molecular level. This includes better understanding of the crosstalk …