Interleukins

Exclusive dependence of IL-10Ralpha signalling on intestinal microbiota homeostasis and control of whipworm infection.

The whipworm Trichuris trichiura is a soil-transmitted helminth that dwells in the epithelium of the caecum and proximal colon of their hosts causing the human disease, trichuriasis. Trichuriasis is characterized by colitis attributed to the …

Distinct Roles for CD4(+) Foxp3(+) Regulatory T Cells and IL-10-Mediated Immunoregulatory Mechanisms during Experimental Visceral Leishmaniasis Caused by Leishmania donovani.

The outcome of intracellular parasitic infection can be determined by the immunoregulatory activities of natural regulatory CD4(+) Foxp3(+) T (Treg) cells and the anti-inflammatory cytokine IL-10. These mechanisms protect tissue but can also suppress …

CD4(+) Th2 cells are directly regulated by IL-10 during allergic airway inflammation.

Interleukin-10 (IL-10) is an important regulatory cytokine required to control allergy and asthma. IL-10-mediated regulation of T cell-mediated responses was previously thought to occur indirectly via antigen- presenting cells. However, IL-10 can act …

Altered Interleukin-10 Signaling in Skeletal Muscle Regulates Obesity- Mediated Inflammation and Insulin Resistance.

Skeletal muscle insulin resistance is a major characteristic of obesity and type 2 diabetes. Although obesity-mediated inflammation is causally associated with insulin resistance, the underlying mechanism is unclear. Here, we examined the effects of …

T-cell-derived, but not B-cell-derived, IL-10 suppresses antigen-specific T-cell responses in Litomosoides sigmodontis-infected mice.

IL-10, a cytokine with pleiotropic functions is produced by many different cells. Although IL-10 may be crucial for initiating protective Th2 responses to helminth infection, it may also function as a suppressive cytokine preventing immune pathology …

IL-27 promotes IL-10 production by effector Th1 CD4+ T cells: a critical mechanism for protection from severe immunopathology during malaria infection.

Infection with the malaria parasite, Plasmodium, is characterized by excessive inflammation. The establishment of a precise balance between the pro- and anti-inflammatory responses is critical to guarantee control of the parasite and survival of the …

Interleukin-10 signaling in regulatory T cells is required for suppression of Th17 cell-mediated inflammation.

Effector CD4+ T cell subsets, whose differentiation is facilitated by distinct cytokine cues, amplify the corresponding type of inflammatory response. Regulatory T (Treg) cells integrate environmental cues to suppress particular types of …

T-cell-specific deletion of gp130 renders the highly susceptible IL-10-deficient mouse resistant to intestinal nematode infection.

Gp130 is the common receptor of the IL-6 family of cytokines and is involved in many biological processes, including acute phase response, inflammation and immune reactions. To investigate the role of gp130 under inflammatory conditions, …

Contribution of interleukin-6/gp 130 signaling in hepatocytes to the inflammatory response in mice infected with Streptococcus pyogenes.

BACKGROUND: Sepsis and septic shock caused by gram-positive bacteria have become increasingly frequent clinical problems. These conditions are accompanied by an overwhelming inflammation in which the liver plays a central role as a source and target …

Postnatally induced inactivation of gp130 in mice results in neurological, cardiac, hematopoietic, immunological, hepatic, and pulmonary defects.

The pleiotrophic but overlapping functions of the cytokine family that includes interleukin (IL)-6, IL-11, leukemia inhibitory factor, oncostatin M, ciliary neurotrophic factor, and cardiotrophin 1 are mediated by the cytokine receptor subunit gp130 …