Cytokines

Permeability analyses and three dimensional imaging of interferon gamma- induced barrier disintegration in intestinal organoids.

The aberrant regulation of the epithelial barrier integrity is involved in many diseases of the digestive tract, including inflammatory bowel diseases and colorectal cancer. Intestinal epithelial cell organoid cultures provide new perspectives for …

Exclusive dependence of IL-10Ralpha signalling on intestinal microbiota homeostasis and control of whipworm infection.

The whipworm Trichuris trichiura is a soil-transmitted helminth that dwells in the epithelium of the caecum and proximal colon of their hosts causing the human disease, trichuriasis. Trichuriasis is characterized by colitis attributed to the …

Distinct Roles for CD4(+) Foxp3(+) Regulatory T Cells and IL-10-Mediated Immunoregulatory Mechanisms during Experimental Visceral Leishmaniasis Caused by Leishmania donovani.

The outcome of intracellular parasitic infection can be determined by the immunoregulatory activities of natural regulatory CD4(+) Foxp3(+) T (Treg) cells and the anti-inflammatory cytokine IL-10. These mechanisms protect tissue but can also suppress …

CD4(+) Th2 cells are directly regulated by IL-10 during allergic airway inflammation.

Interleukin-10 (IL-10) is an important regulatory cytokine required to control allergy and asthma. IL-10-mediated regulation of T cell-mediated responses was previously thought to occur indirectly via antigen- presenting cells. However, IL-10 can act …

Extracellular vesicles from neural stem cells transfer IFN-gamma via Ifngr1 to activate Stat1 signaling in target cells.

The idea that stem cell therapies work only via cell replacement is challenged by the observation of consistent intercellular molecule exchange between the graft and the host. Here we defined a mechanism of cellular signaling by which neural …

T-cell-derived, but not B-cell-derived, IL-10 suppresses antigen-specific T-cell responses in Litomosoides sigmodontis-infected mice.

IL-10, a cytokine with pleiotropic functions is produced by many different cells. Although IL-10 may be crucial for initiating protective Th2 responses to helminth infection, it may also function as a suppressive cytokine preventing immune pathology …

Neuronal gp130 expression is crucial to prevent neuronal loss, hyperinflammation, and lethal course of murine Toxoplasma encephalitis.

The obligate intracellular parasite Toxoplasma gondii infects and persists within neurons of approximately one-third of the human population. Intracerebral control of T. gondii largely depends on interferon (IFN)-gamma-producing T cells, which induce …

IL-27 promotes IL-10 production by effector Th1 CD4+ T cells: a critical mechanism for protection from severe immunopathology during malaria infection.

Infection with the malaria parasite, Plasmodium, is characterized by excessive inflammation. The establishment of a precise balance between the pro- and anti-inflammatory responses is critical to guarantee control of the parasite and survival of the …

Gp130-dependent astrocytic survival is critical for the control of autoimmune central nervous system inflammation.

Astrocytes are activated in experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) and have been suggested to either aggravate or ameliorate EAE. However, the mechanisms leading to an adverse or protective effect of astrocytes on the course of EAE are …

Continuous glycoprotein-130-mediated signal transducer and activator of transcription-3 activation promotes inflammation, left ventricular rupture, and adverse outcome in subacute myocardial infarction.

BACKGROUND: In patients with myocardial infarction, high serum levels of interleukin-6 cytokines predict a poor outcome. The common receptor of interleukin-6 cytokines, glycoprotein-130 (gp130), signals via janus kinase/signal transducer and …