Cancer

Innate Sensing through Mesenchymal TLR4/MyD88 Signals Promotes Spontaneous Intestinal Tumorigenesis.

MyD88, an adaptor molecule downstream of innate pathways, plays a significant tumor-promoting role in sporadic intestinal carcinogenesis of the Apc(min/+) model, which carries a mutation in the Apc gene. Here, we show that deletion of MyD88 in …

Ribonucleotide Excision Repair Is Essential to Prevent Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Skin.

Because of imperfect discrimination against ribonucleoside triphosphates by the replicative DNA polymerases, large numbers of ribonucleotides are incorporated into the eukaryotic nuclear genome during S-phase. Ribonucleotides, by far the most common …

Although Abundant in Tumor Tissue, Mast Cells Have No Effect on Immunological Micro-milieu or Growth of HPV-Induced or Transplanted Tumors.

High numbers of mast cells populate the stroma of many types of neoplasms, including human papilloma virus-induced benign and malignant tumors in man and mouse. Equipped with numerous pattern recognition receptors and capable of executing important …

Constitutive Kit activity triggers B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia- like disease in mice.

Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is the most common childhood malignancy and, in most cases, is of pro- or pre-B cell origin (B-ALL). The receptor tyrosine kinase KIT is expressed by hematopoietic stem and precursor cells. Gain-of-function …

Transient ablation of regulatory T cells improves antitumor immunity in colitis-associated colon cancer.

Regulatory T cells (Treg) are supportive to cancer development in most tissues, but their role in colitis-associated colon cancer (CAC) remains unclear. In this study, we investigated the role of CD4(+)Foxp3(+) Treg in a mouse model of CAC and in …

Mast cell hyperplasia, B-cell malignancy, and intestinal inflammation in mice with conditional expression of a constitutively active kit.

Signaling through the receptor tyrosine kinase kit controls proliferation and differentiation of hematopoietic precursor cells and mast cells. Somatic point mutations of the receptor that constitutively activate kit signaling are associated with …

Constitutive CD40 signaling in B cells selectively activates the noncanonical NF-kappaB pathway and promotes lymphomagenesis.

CD40, a member of the tumor necrosis factor (TNF) receptor family, plays an essential role in T cell-dependent immune responses. Because CD40 is widely expressed on the surface of tumor cells in various B cell malignancies, deregulated CD40 signaling …

Tumor suppression after tumor cell-targeted tumor necrosis factor alpha gene transfer.

The tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) gene was introduced by retroviral gene transfer into the TNF-alpha-insensitive tumor cell line J558L. Production of 40 pg/ml TNF-alpha by clone J2T12 consistently did not change the growth rate in vitro, …

Retroviral interleukin 4 gene transfer into an interleukin 4-dependent cell line results in autocrine growth but not in tumorigenicity.

A retroviral vector has been constructed containing the mouse interleukin 4 (IL 4) gene under the transcriptional control of the thymidine kinase promoter. Infection of the IL 4-dependent T cell line CT4S by the thymidine kinase IL 4 construct …